Diabetes is classified under 2 main types:
- Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes) is characterized by insufficient insulin production.
- Type 2 diabetes (formerly known as non-insulin-dependent or adult diabetes) results from the body’s inadequate use of insulin. It is often the result of excess weight and physical inactivity.
- Gestational diabetes (GDM) is the high blood sugar that is detected during pregnancy.
Individuals with diabetes have an increased risk of developing a number of serious health problems. Consistently high blood glucose levels can lead to irreversible complications affecting the heart and blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, nerves and teeth. In addition, people with diabetes also have a higher risk of developing infections.
Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower limb amputation.
Approximately 463 million adults (between 20-79 years of age) are living with diabetes; by 2045 this will rise to 700 million(1).